Treatments for diabetes vary from patient to patient. A healthcare professional will come up with a plan and tailor it to each individual’s need according to diabetes symptoms. This overview of the available treatments will help you understand what to expect.
Blood Sugar Levels
Successful treatment of this ailment requires monitoring of blood sugar levels in order to keep them within a certain range. That way a doctor can determine what combination of diet, medication and exercise is needed to control diabetes. It helps to play close attention to when and what you eat to avoid the up-and-down effect of sudden changes in blood sugar levels. In turn, this helps alleviate frequent treatment changes.
Insulin allows the body to convert sugar to energy. Type 1 diabetes patients can’t manufacture their own. When the pancreas ceases to make this hormone, you’ll need to introduce it externally. You can either inject it or use a computerized insulin pump. This programmable machine, also known as a continuous pump, delivers a basal dose of insulin during the day. It can also administer certain amounts of this vital hormone before you eat. This is called a bolus dose.
Injectable insulin comes in five categories: rapid, regular, intermediate, long and ultra long-acting. Their classification depends on how fast the dose takes effect and how long it will last. Rapid-acting insulin takes only a few minutes to work but only lasts 4 hours. Regular insulin takes about half an hour to take effect and lasts up to 6 hours. The remaining types take at least an hour before they become effective and last 18, 24 or 24 hours, respectively.
Usually, healthcare professionals suggest three small meals and an equal amount of snacks per day to help maintain a suitable balance between insulin and sugar in the blood. A proper balance of proteins, carbohydrates and fat will help keep glucose on target. Since this ratio depends on personal factors such as weight and activity level, a licensed dietitian or your doctor should set up a healthy menu plan.
While exercise helps improve how a body uses insulin, check with your doctor before starting a workout routine so that you can learn how to prevent blood sugar from dropping too low. Additionally, he can help figure out whether aerobics, strength training or a combination of both work best for a particular situation.
Keep in mind that a treatment plan usually includes several of these options. Additionally, doctors might prescribe medication that contains a DPP-4 inhibitor. Regiments might need modification over time as diabetes symptoms change. Regardless, patients with this condition can lead a fulfilling life.